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Chemical Difference Between Crack And Cocaine

Is There A Difference Between Cocaine And Crack Cocaine?

Chemical Difference Between Crack And Cocaine What is the difference between crack cocaine and cocaine? There are no pharmacological differences between powder cocaine and crack cocaine. This means that, chemically, they are nearly identical and hence, produce similar results. Is there a difference between cocaine and crack cocaine addiction effects? Continue to read to learn more. Cocaine Chemical Composition Cocaine is a DEA Schedule II controlled substance. Substances in the DEA Schedule II have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. [1] Cocaine is a benzoid acid ester that was originally used as a local anesthetic but is no longer used because of its potent addictive qualities. When given in high doses systemically, cocaine has mood-elevating effects that have led to its widescale abuse. High doses of cocaine can be associated with toxic reactions including hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis, shock, and acute liver injury which can be severe and even fatal. Cocaine is a tropane alkaloid with central nervous systems (CNS) stimulating and local anesthetic activity. Cocaine binds to the dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine transport proteins and inhibits the re-uptake of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine into pre-synaptic neurons. This leads to an accumulation of the respective neurotransmitters in the synaptic cleft and may result…