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cocaine effects on heart

Cocaine And The Heart

How Does Cocaine Affect the Heart? Cocaine and the heart: According to a 2019 study in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, cocaine activates the body’s nervous system, which is the system of connections between the brain and the body’s organs.  According to the study, cocaine stimulates hormones and chemical messengers in the brain that respond to stress and pleasure — without then gradually returning those chemicals to their normal state. One of these chemicals, called norepinephrine, is both a hormone and a messenger that affects heart rate and blood pressure, according to the Endocrine Society. This can result in dramatic increases in heart rate and blood pressure, which can result in heart attacks. According to the International Journal of Molecular Sciences study, the immediate effects of cocaine include: Elevated blood pressure Higher heart rate Increased body temperature Constricted blood vessels Coronary spasms, which are a tightening of the heart’s muscles While these effects subside as cocaine leaves the body, there is some risk of long-term heart damage, especially with regular cocaine use. If someone suffers a heart attack during cocaine abuse, that can result in permanent damage to the heart. Long-term use has been associated with structural changes to the heart that can result…