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mental illness

Neuropsychopharmacology

What is Neuropsychopharmacology? Neuropsychopharmacology is the branch of neurosciences devoted to the study of drugs that affect nervous tissue and alter behaviors. Specifically, the study of the effects of drugs on neurons, their synapses, and circuits is neuropharmacology, while the study of the effects of drugs on behaviors, including emotional and cognitive mental activities, is psychopharmacology; thus, these comprise neuropsychopharmacology as a whole. [1] In a perspective published in Neuropsychopharmacology, leaders from the National Institutes of Health address how using appropriate language to describe mental illness and addiction can help to reduce stigma and improve how people with these conditions are treated in health care settings and throughout society. The authors define stigma as negative attitudes toward people that are based on certain distinguishing characteristics. More than a decade of research has shown that stigma contributes significantly to negative health outcomes and can pose a barrier to seeking treatment for mental illness or substance use disorders. Mental Illness Thirty-five percent of people with serious mental illness in the U.S., and nearly 90% of people with substance use disorders, do not receive treatment. [2] The perspective authors point to evidence that stigma-related bias among clinicians can contribute to a treatment-averse mindset and to flawed clinical care, including failure to… 

Understanding Clinical Depression

All You Need to Know About Clinical Depression Clinical Depression is a mood disorder characterized by the continuous loss of interest and extreme sadness. In some instances, people confuse depression with mood fluctuations which is an everyday occurrence. Various events may lead one to depression, including loss of a source of income and bereavement. However, physicians may only consider the grief to be part of depression in case it persists. Depression is an ongoing problem, and if not managed early enough, it may last for months or several years. Individuals experience this clinical depression in various ways. For others, it may interrupt their occupation, leading to loss of time and reduced productivity. Depression can negatively influence relationships and sometimes causes chronic health problems. Conditions that can exacerbate because of clinical depression are obesity, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, asthma, and arthritis. It’s important to remember that everyone will face feeling sad due to upsetting situations and circumstances. However, a feeling of constant hopelessness may be an indication of depression. Clinical Depression is a severe medical disorder that exacerbates in the absence of prompt medical attention. Depressed individuals who seek help immediately report significant improvement in symptoms after a few weeks. Signs…