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alcohol and anxiety meds

Risks of Mixing Alcohol and Anxiety Meds. Dual Diagnosis Treatment for Anxitety, Alcohol and Anxiety Meds Addiction

Mixing Anxiety Meds and Alcohol

Drug interactions are an important public health topic. That is because the effects of mixing certain drugs and substances can be harmful, even leading to substance use disorder. Unfortunately, many people are unaware of the risks and dangers of such combinations. Antidepressants are the most common anxiety medication prescribed by doctors [1]. They are believed to work by increasing specific neurotransmitters like serotonin in the brain. Serotonin levels affect how a person feels. Alcohol and anxiety meds, are especially dangerous when combined. Problem drinkers were 1.5 times more likely to drink and use anxiety meds. Interestingly, problem drinking among women is linked with anxiety meds use.

A wide variety of prescription drugs from different classes, such as antidepressants or benzodiazepines, treat various anxiety disorders. Side effects like drowsiness, impaired driving, and respiratory depression (slowed breathing) can worsen when alcohol and anxiety meds are mixed. Many medicines used for anxiety should be used short-term and, in general, you should avoid or limit alcohol with these drugs.

Alcohol and Anxiety Meds
When alcohol and anxiety meds combine, the effects can be dangerous.

Antidepressants typically include SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), SNRIs (serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors), and tricyclic antidepressants. Lexapro, Paxil, Zoloft, and Celexa are brand names of SSRIs prescribed in the treatment of chronic anxiety. Effexor and Cymbalta are SNRI brand names. SNRIs work to slow the breakdown of the brain chemicals serotonin and noradrenaline. In tricyclic antidepressants, the main working mechanism is a three-ring chemical structure.

Can You Drink on Anxiety Meds?

After taking a prescription drug meant to address diagnosable anxiety, many individuals casually chase it with alcohol. They never think about the important question of “can you drink alcohol while on anxiety meds?” Does alcohol help anxiety? In the short term, alcohol may help dull anxious feelings and thoughts. That’s because alcohol is a depressant.

The use of alcohol may slow down racing thoughts and makes worries seem less urgent [2]. It does nothing to eliminate the source of the anxiety, however, and once the effects of the alcohol dissipate, the anxiety returns with a more evident effect. Some individuals who repeatedly consume alcohol to help cope with anxiety experience more anxiety when they know that the effects of the alcohol are wearing off.

How does alcohol affect people with anxiety?

Research shows that alcohol tends to worsen existing symptoms of anxiety. That’s because alcohol changes levels of serotonin and other brain chemicals (neurotransmitters). Once the effects of the alcohol begin to wear off, and the blood alcohol content (BAC) drops, an individual’s anxiety can start to increase with the result that they feel more anxious than before drinking. 

This state of alcohol-induced anxiety sometimes called “hangxiety,” can persist from several hours to a whole day following drinking. Thus, alcohol can either increase or cause anxiety both during alcohol withdrawal from the body and within the time period that the person is drinking.

Alcohol and Anxiety Meds – Ativan

The cumulative effects of Ativan abuse can cause health problems. It can have an impact on a person’s memory. Ativan can be habit-forming so using it as long-term treatment isn’t advised. Ativan is one of the more challenging anxiety meds to withdraw from. Taking this benzodiazepine for long periods of time is especially risky, potentially causing Ativan addiction. 

Those with alcohol or substance abuse problems, should not be prescribed Ativan. It can cause serious health problems, which include falling into a coma or death. People who have taken Ativan for long periods of time say that it gets less effective over time. This can cause people to abuse the drug to obtain benefits.

Ativan comes with side effects such as

  • Temporary drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion
  • Physical and mental exhaustion
  • Temporary drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion
  • Physical and mental exhaustion

Serious Ativan Side Effects

Serious Ativan side effects can put people at risk. If a person experiences the following, they should call their doctor immediately:

  • They become confused
  • As benzodiazepines are a depressant to the CNS, they may become depressed
  • The depressive feelings can lead to thoughts of suicide or hurting oneself
  • They may experience hyperactivity
  • They may become agitated which can turn to hostility
  • They may experience hallucinations
  • They may become light-headed which can lead to fainting

Because alcohol and anxiety meds like Ativan have similar effects on the body and brain, taking both within the same timeframe can heighten those side effects, sometimes with deadly consequences. Alcohol and anxiety meds like Ativan inhibit the central nervous system (CNS) and can lower heart rate and breathing. The effects of the two combined can be greater than if they were consumed alone. The combination can cause severe drowsiness, breathing problems, coma, and death

Alcohol and Anxiety Meds – Trazodone

Trazodone is an FDA-approved antidepressant for treating major depressive disorders. Trazodone has a possibility for physical dependence when consumed with alcohol. In addition to that, the deadly combination of Trazodone and alcohol can lead to delirium, hallucinations, and seizures in extreme cases. Mixing Trazodone and alcohol can lead to severe side effects that affect a person’s overall health.

As mentioned earlier, Trazodone can amplify the effects of alcohol. Since both agents are central nervous system depressants, taking them together can be risky due to additive side effects from their drug interactions, which include:

  • Dizziness
  • Increased intoxication
  • Drowsiness
  • Confusion
  • Fainting
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Impairment in thinking and judgment
  • Dramatic mood swings
  • Increased depression or anxiety
Alcohol and Anxiety Meds
An overdose of anxiety meds can be fatal when it is taken with alcohol,

Alcohol and Anxiety Meds – Valium

While some users mix Valium and alcohol or other drugs to intensify their calming effects, others take Valium with other substances without being aware that they are endangering their health and safety. Although Valium is safe for most adult users when taken as prescribed under a doctor’s supervision, abusing this medication by mixing it with other medicines, illicit drugs, or alcohol poses serious risks. In order to prevent excessive sedation, it is critically important to be aware of the possible interactions of Valium with other chemicals. Mixing Valium with alcohol or other drugs can lead to:

  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Accidents
  • Sedation
  • Stumbling
  • Dizziness
  • Liver damage
  • Nausea
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Addiction
  • Brain damage
  • Coma
  • Death

Alcohol and Anxiety Meds – Xanax

Taking alcohol and anxiety meds such as Xanax together will intensify the effects of both substances. Researchers haven’t been able to understand why this happens. However, it’s likely due to chemical interactions between alcohol and anxiety meds like Xanax in our bodies. A study on animals released in 2018 suggested the presence of ethanol, which is the main ingredient in an alcoholic drink, might increase the maximum concentration of Xanax in the bloodstream. This can lead to an “enhanced” high, as well as enhanced side effects. It also pushes the liver to work harder and break down both Xanax and alcohol in the body.

Both alcohol and anxiety meds like Xanax have individual sets of side effects that impact an individual’s behavior and mental state. Because of this, the two should never be used together as they can cause life-threatening effects. When used with alcohol, the introduction of Xanax to one’s body can cause one’s heart to stop beating, hamper neural activity, or slow your breathing to the point of respiratory failure, permanent brain injury, coma, or death.

Combing alcohol and anxiety meds like Xanax also increases the likelihood of a Xanax overdose, which can lead to respiratory depression, seizures, and potentially even death. An abundance of alcohol and anxiety meds like Xanax can relax and slow body functions to the point that the user’s heart stops beating or they stop breathing, again resulting in a coma or death.

alcohol and anxiety meds
Alcohol and anxiety meds are some of the most popular drug combinations. Abuse of either substance is harmful, but if taken together the consequences can be fatal.

Are there any anxiety medications that aren’t affected by alcohol?

The short answer is all anxiety meds are affected by alcohol. Alcohol carries many serious risks for people with anxiety, especially if they drink to help cope with their condition. Drinking alcohol with anxiety medications, like alprazolam (Xanax) and lorazepam (Ativan), can worsen side effects from the medication, such as extreme sleepiness, difficulty concentrating and slowed breathing. These side effects can lead to serious and sometimes fatal consequences, including accidental injuries.

It’s important to remember that all medicines have a risk for side effects, especially medications that affect brain chemistry. In addition, everyone has different needs, different brains, and even different chemical imbalances that may lead to anxiety. That’s why you should never take any medicine without your doctor’s approval and supervision. Anxiety medications are not a cure. It is helpful to consider non-medicine treatments, like therapy and self-help, so that eventually you can wean off the medication.

SSRIs and Alcohol: A Volatile Combination

Anxiety meds, like Prozac, Paxil, Celexa, and Zoloft, known as selective serotonin uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly prescribed to patients suffering from anxiety. These drugs work differently than anxiolytics by making the brain’s supply of serotonin more available, thus elevating one’s mood.

Because they work differently in the brain, they also interact with alcohol differently. While the mechanisms aren’t entirely understood by medical professionals, it has been shown that combining alcohol and anxiety meds like SSRIs can cause memory loss and lower your alcohol tolerance. While it may be true that the combination of alcohol and anxiety meds like SSRIs can feel good in the short term, over time it can actually reduce the effectiveness of the medication and increase anxiety levels.

Frequent mixing of alcohol and anxiety meds like SSRIs can also cause people to develop side effects of the drug, such as weight gain insomnia, and nausea. While MOAs are not commonly described for anxiety, it is important to mention that combining these anti-depressive drugs with alcohol can be a life-threatening mix resulting in a dangerous spike in blood pressure which can lead to cardiovascular problems.

Anxiety and Alcohol Consumption

Does alcohol help anxiety? In cases where a person cannot gain a prescription for their anxiety disorder, perhaps the doctor does not think it warrants a prescription or wants the client to try other methods to get their anxiety under control, the person suffering may resort to alcohol.

This is also very common among people struggling with an anxiety disorder who either cannot afford therapy or are too embarrassed to seek it. While this may seem like it works in the beginning, in truth, the slight help that alcohol gives is short and temporary, and it comes with a great cost. According to the National Institute of Biotechnology Information (NCBI), alcohol and benzodiazepines generate anxiety, panic, and phobias.

Dual Diagnosis Treatment for Alcohol and Anxiety Meds Abuse 

There is a strong link between anxiety and alcohol abuse. Individuals who struggle with mood disorders like depression and anxiety are more susceptible to developing an addiction to drugs or alcohol, often to self-medicate symptoms of their underlying mental health condition. These co-occurring disorders can make each other worse without proper treatment.

To determine the most effective ways to treat alcohol and anxiety meds addiction, it’s crucial to first get an accurate assessment of all the symptoms. When the symptoms have been evaluated by a mental health professional, it may be determined that another form of mental condition is present and needs a particular type of treatment. Very often, some combination of psychotherapy, medication, and/or lifestyle changes are effective for coping with functional.

Alcohol and Anxiety Meds
Death is possible when you mix anxiety meds and alcohol together.

Medically-Assisted Detox

Detox is often considered the first stage of treatment. It will help you navigate the complicated process of withdrawal, but it doesn’t address patterns of thought and behavior that contribute to drug abuse. Various treatment approaches and settings can help provide the ongoing support necessary to maintain long-term sobriety after you complete detox.

Cravings are very common during detox and can be challenging to overcome. This often leads to relapse. Constant medical care provided during inpatient treatment helps prevent relapse. Clinicians can provide necessary medication and medical expertise to lessen cravings and the effects of withdrawals.

Psychotherapy for Depression and Anxiety

Several different modalities of psychotherapy have been used in the treatment of depression including:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – is an effective treatment that involves making changes in both the patterns of negative thoughts and the behavioral routines which are affecting the daily life of the depressed person for various forms of depression.
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy – is a comprehensive mental health and substance abuse treatment program whose ultimate goal is to aid patients in their efforts to build a life worth living. The main goal of DBT is to help a person develop what is referred to as a “clear mind.” 
  • Person-Centered Therapy – is a strategy that allows and encourages clients to understand and resolve their concerns in a safe, supportive environment.
  • Solution Focused Therapy – is an approach interested in solutions that can be quickly implemented with a simple first step leading to further positive consequences.

Dual Diagnosis Treatment

Substance abuse and mental health disorders often co-occur. In many cases, traumatic experiences can result in a mental health disorder and substance abuse. Dual diagnosis rehabilitation treats both of these issues together. The best approach for the treatment of dual diagnosis is an integrated system. In this strategy, both the substance abuse problem and the mental disorder are treated simultaneously. Regardless of which diagnosis (mental health or substance abuse problem) came first, long-term recovery will depend largely on the treatment for both disorders done by the same team or provider.

Medication-Assisted Treatments

Medication-Assisted Treatments (MAT) for substance use disorders and mental health disorders are commonly used in conjunction with one another. This includes the use of medications and other medical procedures. During your rehab, the staff from your treatment facility will help you identify what caused your addiction and teach you skills that will help you change your behavior patterns and challenge the negative thoughts that led to your addiction. Sometimes, the pressures and problems in your life lead you to rely on substances to help you forget about them momentarily.

Someone with an anxiety meds addiction, for example, Xanax addiction may take up to 20 or 30 pills per day. If the user decides to stop the Xanax dosages, they may experience withdrawal effects such as anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and tremors. The development of tolerance and withdrawal are indications of addiction. If you or a loved one are struggling with long-term alcohol and anxiety meds addiction and a co-occurring mental health condition such as anxiety and depression, contact one of our helpful treatment specialists today. We Level Up can provide information on dual diagnosis and detox programs that may fit your specific needs.

alcohol and anxiety meds addiction
No matter what, when dealing with alcohol and anxiety meds addiction, the care and supervision of a medical professional are necessary.
Sources:

[1] NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3860396/

[2] NCBI – https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21560041/

[3] NIAAA – https://arcr.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-use-disorder-and-co-occurring-mental-health-conditions/co-occurring-alcohol-use-disorder-anxiety