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OCD Treatment

Obsessive-Compulsive Treatment (OCD), symptoms, Types and Causes

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a chronic disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and/or behaviors (compulsions). These obsessions and compulsions interfere with daily activities and cause significant distress that requires OCD treatment.

Signs & Symptoms of OCD

You may or may not realize that your obsessions and compulsions are excessive or unreasonable, but they take up much time and interfere with your daily routine and social, school, or work functioning. These are the symptoms:

OCD Obsession Symptoms

These symptoms involve unwanted thoughts or ideas that disrupt your life and make it hard for you to focus on other things. These are repeated thoughts, urges, or mental images that cause anxiety. Common symptoms include:

  • Avoidance of situations that can trigger obsessions, such as shaking hands
  • Fear of germs or getting contaminated by people or the environment
  • Disturbing sexual thoughts or images
  • Fear of blurting out obscenities or insults
  • Extreme concern with order, symmetry, or precision
  • Recurrent intrusive thoughts of sounds, images, words, or numbers
  • Fear of losing or discarding something important
  • Doubts that you have locked the door or turned off the stove
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OCD Compulsion Symptoms

These symptoms involve things you feel you must do in a specific way in response to the obsessions. These are repetitive behaviors that a person with OCD urges to do in response to an obsessive thought. Common compulsions include:

  • Excessive or ritualized hand washing, showering, brushing teeth, or toileting
  • Constantly arranging things in each order
  • Checking the stove repeatedly to make sure it is off
  • Checking parts of your physical condition or body
  • Silently repeating a prayer, word, or phrase
  • Arranging your canned goods to face the same way
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Main Categories of OCD Symptoms

  • Cleaning and contamination
  • Symmetry and ordering
  • Forbidden, harmful, or taboo thoughts and impulses
  • Hoarding, when the need to collect or keep certain items relates to obsessions or compulsions

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Types of OCD

These are the types of OCD and may include:

  1. Contamination – fears of illness, germs, and dirt.
  2. Ruminations – contamination or mental checking.
  3. Checking – Repeatedly checking or counting.
  4. Intrusive Thoughts – Uncontrollable thoughts that can be violent or disturbing.

Categories of Intrusive Thoughts:

  • Relationships
  • Sexual Thoughts
  • Magical Thinking
  • Religious Thinking
  • Violent Thoughts 

Categories of Hoarding

  • Preventing harm hoarding
  • Deprivation Hoarding
  • Emotional Hoarding

Causes of OCD

Many possible causes include:

  • Biology – A result of changes in your body’s natural chemistry.
  • Genetics – OCD may have a genetic component.
  • Learning – These is obsessive fears and compulsive behaviors that can be learned from watching family members.

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OCD Treatments & Therapies

Effective OCD treatments include:

  1. Medication is one of the treatments, and it uses Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to help reduce OCD symptoms. This medication requires a higher daily dose in the treatment of OCD. It may take 8 to 12 weeks to start working. Talk to your doctor to ensure you understand the medications’ risks and benefits for faster recovery. Do not stop taking the medication without talking to your doctor first. Report any concerns about side effects to your doctor right away. Report serious side effects to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online or by phone at 1-800-332-1088. You or your doctor may send a report.
  1. Psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for adults and children with OCD. types of psychotherapy may include:
  • Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is also known as Exposure and Response Prevention (EX/RP).
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a supplement in the treatment of OCD in adults, and it was approved by FDA last 2018.

Risk Factors of OCD

OCD has multiple known and researched risk factors. These include:

  • Genetics. The risk is higher if the first-degree relative develops OCD as a child or teen.
  • Brain Structure and Functioning. There appears to be a connection between OCD symptoms and abnormalities in certain areas of the brain, but that connection is not clear. 
  • Environment. This is called Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS). For more information, please read NIMH’s fact sheet on PANDAS.

Complications from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Problems resulting from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder may include:

  • Excessive time spent engaging in ritualistic behaviors
  • Health issues, such as contact dermatitis from frequent handwashing
  • Difficulty attending work, school, or social activities
  • Troubled relationships
  • Overall poor quality of life
  • Suicidal thoughts and behavior

At the We Level Up OCD Treatment Center, we provide world-class care with round-the-clock medical professionals available to help you cope with OCD. All work as a team providing anxiety treatment for successful recovery. Make this your opportunity to reclaim your life. Call today to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Our specialists know what you are going through and will answer any of your questions.

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