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Heroin Effect On The Brain

What Does Heroin Do To The Brain?

What is Heroin? Heroin, also known as diacetylmorphine, is an opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance taken from the seed pod of the various opium poppy plants grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, Mexico, and Colombia. Heroin can be a white or brown powder or a black sticky substance which is commonly known as black tar heroin. Heroin can be snorted/sniffed, injected, or smoked. All three methods can lead to heroin addiction and other severe health problems. Some users mix heroin with crack cocaine, a practice called drug speedballing. Heroin enters the brain rapidly and binds to opioid receptors on cells located in many areas, especially those involved in feelings of pain and pleasure and in controlling heart rate, sleeping, and breathing. Heroin is addictive, and there is a high risk of opioid overdose and death from using this illicit drug. Heroin also often contains additives and other cutting agents such as fentanyl, sugar, starch, or powdered milk, that can clog blood vessels leading to the lungs, liver, kidneys, or brain and cause permanent damage. In addition, sharing drug injection equipment and having impaired judgment from drug use can increase the risk of contracting infectious diseases such as HIV…