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Can Gabapentin Be Smoked?

    Can Gabapentin Be Smoked?

    Can Gabapentin Be Smoked? Dangers, Causes Of Addiction,

    What Is Gabapentin?

    Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral solutions are used along with other medications to help control certain types of seizures in people who have epilepsy. The following are the main usage of the drug:

    • Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral solutions are also used to relieve the pain of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN; the burning, stabbing pain or aches that may last for months or years after an attack of shingles)
    • Gabapentin extended-release tablets (Horizant) are used to treat restless legs syndrome (RLS; a condition that causes discomfort in the legs and a strong urge to move the legs, especially at night and when sitting or lying down)
    • Gabapentin is an anti-epileptic agent that has shown preliminary evidence of efficacy for improving symptoms of cocaine addiction and alcohol withdrawal in pilot studies. Since the neurobiology of alcohol, cocaine and nicotine withdrawal is similar, the efficacy of gabapentin for symptoms of alcohol and cocaine withdrawal suggests, that gabapentin might likely help nicotine withdrawal symptoms and thus tobacco abstinence [1]

    Gabapentin is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. [2] Gabapentin treats seizures by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. Gabapentin relieves the pain of PHN by changing the way the body senses pain. It is not known exactly how gabapentin works to treat restless legs syndrome. Can gabapentin be smoked? Yes, but beware of this type of consumption as it is a significant sign of developing an addiction to the drug.

    The Dangers Of Gabapentin

    Gabapentin may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

    • Drowsiness
    • Tiredness or weakness
    • Dizziness
    • Headache
    • Uncontrollable shaking of a part of your body
    • Double or blurred vision
    • Unsteadiness
    • Anxiety
    • Memory problems
    • Strange or unusual thoughts
    • Unwanted eye movements
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Heartburn
    • Diarrhea
    • Dry mouth
    • Constipation
    • Increased appetite
    • Weight gain
    • Swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
    • Back or joint pain
    • Fever
    • Runny nose, sneezing, cough, sore throat, or flu-like symptoms
    • Ear pain
    • Red, itchy eyes (sometimes with swelling or discharge)

    Can gabapentin be smoked? Yes, but it will only increase the effects of the drug which can only bring harmful side effects. Some side effects may be serious. If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

    • Rash
    • Itching
    • Swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, or eyes
    • Hoarseness
    • Difficulty swallowing or breathing
    • Seizures
    • Difficulty breathing; bluish-tinged skin, lips, or fingernails; confusion; or extreme sleepiness

    Gabapentin may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.

    Can Gabapentin Be Smoked?
    Can gabapentin be smoked? Yes. Smoking a drug is the fastest way to get it to reach the brain. However, it can also increase the addictiveness of the substance.

    Is Gabapentin Addictive?

    Can gabapentin be smoked? Yes, in fact, there have been numerous documented cases of gabapentin abuse, dependence, and withdrawal. Even though gabapentin is sometimes considered a treatment option for alcohol and substance abuse, it is important to monitor for drug-seeking behaviors. A history of alcohol or substance abuse appears to be an important part of a patient’s medical history when evaluating their risk for addiction and dependence behaviors. Health care providers need to be aware of this risk in their patients and monitor their patients for signs of abuse and dependence along with withdrawal symptoms. [3]

    Can You Get Addicted To Gabapentin?

    Gabapentin, a gamma-aminobutyric acid analog drug, appears to be safe and efficacious for the treatment of alcohol dependence. Gabapentin is not a controlled drug, but there are anecdotal reports of its misuse and abuse as well as reports of withdrawal symptoms associated with abrupt discontinuation. The risk of gabapentin misuse is inconsistent, the magnitude of the risk is small, and the risk is not comparable to the much higher risks associated with alcohol use; benzodiazepine addiction, opioid addiction, stimulant drug use; or illicit drug use. Reports of gabapentin misuse are not unique to this drug, as misuse of prescription medications not typically considered “drugs of abuse” can also occur. [4]

    How Does A Gabapentin Addiction Grow?

    Can gabapentin be smoked? who does this? Prevalence of gabapentin misuse in the general population was reported to be 1%, 40-65% among individuals with prescriptions, and between 15 and 22% within populations of people who abuse opioids. An array of subjective experiences reminiscent of opioids, benzodiazepines, and psychedelics were reported over a range of doses, including those within clinical recommendations. Gabapentin was misused primarily for recreational purposes, self-medication, or intentional self-harm and was misused alone or in combination with other substances, especially opioids, benzodiazepines, and/or alcohol. Individuals with histories of drug abuse were most often involved in its misuse.

    Epidemiological and case report evidence suggests that the anti-epileptic and analgesic medication gabapentin is being misused internationally, with substance abuse populations at special risk for misuse/abuse.

    How can you determine someone already developed substance abuse to a certain drug? Can gabapentin be smoked to abuse the drug?

    Substance use disorders are defined as a pattern of use that results in marked distress and/or impairment, with two or more of the following symptoms over the course of a 12-month period:

    1. Using the substance in larger amounts or over a longer period of time than intended
    2. Unsuccessful attempts or persistent desire to reduce the use
    3. Too much time spent on obtaining, using, and/or recovering from the effects of the substance
    4. A strong craving for the substance
    5. Significant interference with roles at work, school, or home
    6. Continued use despite recurrent social or interpersonal consequences
    7. Reducing or giving up important social, occupational, or recreational activities because of the substance use
    8. Substance use in situations in which it may be physically hazardous
    9. Substance use despite recurrent or persistent physical or psychological consequences
    10. Tolerance of the substance
    11. Withdrawal from the substance [5]

    Can You Smoke Gabapentin?

    Yes, but it is a sign of drug misuse. Prescription drug smoking is a significant drug trend among socially active youth. It is associated with drug problems and symptoms of dependence net of frequency of misuse. Prevention and intervention efforts for young adults who misuse prescription drugs should address the issue of prescription drug smoking, and this may be an area for clinicians to address with their patients.

    Prescription drug smoking includes the inhalation of prescription pills through smoking or vaporization. The transition to smoking prescription pills is a significant act for young people in that it represents an escalation of drug use. The normative manner of drug consumption for pills is oral consumption, an act reinforced by the standard pattern of use as pharmaceuticals. As such, pill smoking represents a more extreme form of prescription drug misuse, one that decreases the time to onset of drug effects and increases the intensity of the high. [6]

    Gabapentin Overdose Is Possible

    In case of emergency/overdose:

    If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can’t be awakened, immediately call emergency services at 911.

    Symptoms of overdose may include the following:

    • Double vision
    • Slurred speech
    • Drowsiness
    • Diarrhea
    Can Gabapentin Be Smoked?
    Can gabapentin be smoked? Yes, but regularly smoking a drug can lead to lung problems, heart problems, infections, and diseases.

    Startling Gabapentin Statistics

    In 2004, gabapentin was prescribed over 18 million times. As of 2019, the number of prescriptions for this drug has increased to over 45 million. Gabapentin is primarily used to treat epilepsy, neuropathic pain, hot flashes, and restless legs syndrome. [7]

    A gabapentin overdose is possible. What makes this possibility so shocking, however, is that since its creation in the 1980s, gabapentin was widely believed to be relatively harmless with no danger of misuse. Now, this anti-seizure medication has begun to draw national attention as alarming new trends show rising instances of abuse and directly-related fatalities.

    The majority of gabapentin fatalities are caused by it being used in conjunction with another drug. However, that’s not to say this drug doesn’t have the potential to be dangerous on its own. In cases where gabapentin was the direct cause of death, blood concentrations of this medication ranged from 1.1 to 134 mg/L. The FDA has reported gabapentin overdoses of individuals who ingested 49 grams of the medication. Unfortunately, there have only been a handful of studies surrounding gabapentin toxicity so the exact amount of gabapentin it takes to overdose or causes a fatality has yet to be determined. [8]

    Unfortunately, there is no known medication to reverse the effects of a gabapentin overdose. Can gabapentin be smoked? Yes, but unfortunately, while some of the side effects can be mild, oxygen deprivation and seizures can be deadly and cause irreversible damage. The best way to prevent an overdose, however, is to curb abuse – of either this medication or another drug – in the first place.

    Addiction Treatment

    Someone with an addiction to gabapentin and mental health disorders must treat both conditions. For the treatment to be effective, you need to stop using alcohol or drugs. Treatments may include behavioral therapies and medications. Also, support groups can give you emotional and social support. They are also a place where people can share tips about how to deal with day-to-day challenges.

    A good dual diagnosis treatment program and drug addiction therapy facility need to be able to treat both conditions without treating one as the sole cause of the other. Addiction is a complicated disease and no one thing is to blame for it. There are various options available to handle drug addiction therapy.

    Receive treatment for co-occurring disorders today.

    As the addiction treatment community begins to realize that addiction is itself a mental disorder, the relationship between mental health and addiction disorders becomes more complicated. The greater treatment community largely lacks a proper understanding of dually diagnosed conditions, so these conditions are still treated separately, or worse–not treated or diagnosed at all. Dual diagnosis treatment centers in We Level Up Florida, California, Texas, and New Jersey are some of the facilities that have professionals trained to help treat co-occurring disorders concurrently. This type of tandem treatment provides some of the best success rates.

    Get dual diagnosis treatment for individuals suffering from gabapentin drug addiction and mental health issues. Call us today! Can gabapentin be smoked? Contact our addiction specialist to discuss further details and treatment options for you.

    Can Gabapentin Be Smoked?
    Can gabapentin be smoked? Yes, when abused. If you or a loved one is addicted to prescription drugs, contact We Level Up for a professional addiction rehab program.
    Sources:

    [1] Gabapentin for Smoking Cessation – https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00578552
    [2] Gabapentin – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health
    [3] Gabapentin: Abuse, Dependence, and Withdrawal – National Center for Biotechnology Information
    [4] Gabapentin: can it be misused? – National Center for Biotechnology Information
    [5] Adapted from American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013.
    [6] Chasing the Bean: Prescription Drug Smoking among Socially Active Youth – National Center for Biotechnology Information
    [7] The number of gabapentin prescriptions in the U.S. from 2004 to 2019 – https://www.statista.com/statistics/781648/gabapentin-prescriptions-number-in-the-us/#:~:text=Number%20of%20gabapentin%20prescriptions%20in%20the%20U.S.%202004%2D2019&text=This%20statistic%20shows%20the%20total,increased%20to%20over%2045%20million
    [8] Is A Gabapentin Overdose Possible? by Level Up Lake Worth