Phentermine Snort Risks & Effective Diet Pills Addiction Treatment
What is Phentermine?
Phentermine (Adipex-P, Lomaira) is an amphetamine-like prescription medication used to suppress appetite. It is a stimulant medication that can decrease appetite and increase metabolism. It can help weight loss by decreasing your hunger or making you feel full longer. Phentermine is also available in combination with topiramate for weight loss (Qsymia).
Phentermine comes as tablets and extended-release capsules. It usually is taken as a single daily dose in the morning or three times a day, thirty minutes before meals. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take phentermine exactly as directed.
Most people take phentermine for three to six weeks; the length of treatment depends on how you respond to the medication. Phentermine can be habit-forming. Do not take a larger dose, take it more often, or take it for a longer period than your doctor tells you to.
Due to its stimulant properties, phentermine can be abused in the same way as other stimulant medications or drugs. It may be misused by those who have legitimate prescriptions for the medication, and it also has street value. It is sometimes sold in illicit marketplaces as a drug of abuse.
Phentermine is a class IV controlled substance, so it is only available under a doctor’s prescription. It is intended as a short-term treatment as it is potentially habit-forming. It should only be taken for three months at a time. Phentermine weight loss pills are available in both tablet and capsule form, in doses ranging from 8 – 37.5 milligrams. Phentermine is used together with diet and exercise to treat obesity, especially in people with risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes. Do not use phentermine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding a baby. You should not use phentermine if you have glaucoma, overactive thyroid, severe heart problems, uncontrolled high blood pressure, advanced coronary artery disease, extreme agitation, or a history of drug abuse.
Each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: starch, lactose anhydrous, microcrystalline cellulose, colloidal silicon dioxide, stearic acid, magnesium stearate, and blue sugar spheres. Though the FDA approved it only for short-term use of fewer than 12 weeks, healthcare professionals often prescribe phentermine off-label for longer use.
It is not known how this medication helps people to lose weight. It may work by decreasing your appetite, increasing the amount of energy used by your body, or by affecting certain parts of the brain. This medication is an appetite suppressant and belongs to a class of drugs called sympathomimetic amines.
Is Phentermine Addictive?
Considering the prevalence of weight loss promises in America, it’s no surprise that Diet Pills are common and available in multiple forms. Whether over-the-counter or prescription, each Diet Pill has its own risks and concerns associated with it. It is important to remember that just because something is available freely at the drugstore, or prescribed by a doctor, does not necessarily mean it is safe — especially when used outside of the recommended dose or method.
The structure and pharmacological effects of phentermine are similar to those of amphetamine. Consequently, phentermine can be physically and psychologically addictive. Therefore, people with a history of drug dependence should avoid using the drug.
Long-term use of Phentermine can cause addiction and physical dependence. That is why Phentermine is allowed only for short-term use. SmithKline Beecham’s brand of phentermine, Fastin, was removed from the market in 1996. A compound of Phentermine and fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine was removed from the market because the drug dramatically increased the risk of heart valve disease.
Can You Snort Phentermine?
Snorting is a common form of drug abuse in which people take a powdered or crushed-up drug and forcefully breathe it up into the nasal cavity. Some users may progress to snorting from swallowing drugs to intensify the high. Snorting is often a sign of developing an addiction. However, smoking and IV drug use causes the drug to reach the brain faster. Some users may progress to snorting from swallowing drugs to intensify the high. When someone snorts a drug, 30% to 60% of the drug enters the bloodstream through the mucus membrane in the nose and through the stomach. Users normally feel the effects of the drug within 15 minutes.
There is no safe way to snort or smoke phentermine. It can be dangerous if it is misused by smoking or snorting the drug. Many people assume that the drug will be more potent or reach your brain more quickly when it’s insufflated. This assumption may come from the fact that cocaine can lead to a faster, more potent high when it’s snorted. Phentermine is a stimulant that’s similar to amphetamines, so people may try to snort it for potent phentermine high.
Snorting any drug comes with unique health problems that develop over time. Risks to health include:
- Damage to the lining of the nostrils, nasal cavity, and septum
- Loss of sense of smell
- Trouble swallowing
- Sinus infections
- Wheezing, especially in people with asthma
In addition to these risks, users who snort drugs may contract or transmit diseases such as hepatitis C through shared equipment such as straw or rolled-up dollar bill. The drug, as well as substances the drug may be cut with, can cause blood vessels to rupture or cuts and tears in nasal passages. The blood from these cuts can be transferred to the snorting device, and other people who use the device can come in contact with the blood. These people can contract the virus.
Risks of Snorting Phentermine
Snorting specific drugs, like phentermine, can cause other issues when snorted. They may cause irritations, infections, and inflammation. Snorting drugs for a long time can cause other issues like loss of smell, chronic nosebleeds, frequent runny nose, and problems with swallowing. Severe and frequent inflammation and infections can cause necrosis, which may hinder your ability to smell or breathe through your nose.
Snorting the drug causes it to be rapidly absorbed directly into the tissues of the nasal passages and surrounding tissues, allowing it to reach the brain faster. Snorting phentermine can come with additional dangers, including an increased risk of adverse side effects from the drug since it is absorbed more quickly than intended.
What Is the Impact on the Brain?
The rapid delivery of the medication into the brain increases the risk that such use could become habit-forming. Addiction begins to develop in the brain when it perceives a pleasurable reward in reaction to a substance. It then reinforces the reward response by creating a craving for that substance.
Phentermine typically has a low rate of abuse, and it does not usually induce cravings or withdrawal symptoms in patients who take the medication as prescribed. When phentermine is abused, the potential for the medication to become habit-forming and trigger the brain’s craving response is escalated.
When rapid delivery methods, such as snorting or smoking the medication, produce their quick reward to the brain, the risks increase that the brain will develop an addictive response to the substance.
When a medication reaches the brain quickly and produces that rapid reward response, the substance will also leave the brain more quickly, causing a more severe drop in the pleasurable effect of the substance. This rapid rise and fall of the reward response in the brain are the components that increase the risk of addictive patterns.
These rapid delivery methods increase the chance that the side effects of the drug will be experienced and that they will be more intense than normal.
The side effects of phentermine include the following:
- Increased blood pressure
- Heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Dry mouth
The most dangerous risk associated with snorting or smoking phentermine is a heart attack. Concerns about phentermine’s effects on the heart are why the medication is only recommended for short courses of treatment. Taking the drug in any manner other than intended increases the risk that this major adverse reaction will occur.
Dual Diagnosis Treatment for Diet Pill Addiction
An addiction to Diet Pills like Phentermine is often caused by an eating disorder or other underlying mental health disorder. Becoming dependent on Phentermine snort is not uncommon, as they can provide a false sense of control in a life that seems out of control. Because Diet Pills are readily available over the counter or by prescription, an addiction can develop quickly and quietly.
If someone is aware that their Diet Pill use is interfering with their health, relationships, and personal life but can’t quit on their own, they may need professional help to target the root cause of their issue and find treatment. To determine the most effective ways to treat diet pills addiction, it’s crucial to first get an accurate assessment of all the symptoms.
When the symptoms have been evaluated by a mental health professional, it may be determined that another form of mental condition is present and needs a particular type of treatment. Very often, some combination of psychotherapy, medication, and/or lifestyle changes are effective for coping with functional.
Detox is often considered the first stage of treatment. It will help you navigate the complicated process of withdrawal, but it doesn’t address patterns of thought and behavior that contribute to drug abuse. Various treatment approaches and settings can help provide the ongoing support necessary to maintain long-term sobriety after you complete detox.
Cravings are very common during detox and can be challenging to overcome. This often leads to relapse. Constant medical care provided during inpatient treatment helps prevent relapse. Clinicians can provide necessary medication and medical expertise to lessen cravings and the effects of withdrawals.
Psychotherapy for Depression and Anxiety
Several different modalities of psychotherapy have been used in the treatment of depression including:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – is an effective treatment that involves making changes in both the patterns of negative thoughts and the behavioral routines which are affecting the daily life of the depressed person for various forms of depression.
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy – is a comprehensive mental health and substance abuse treatment program whose ultimate goal is to aid patients in their efforts to build a life worth living. The main goal of DBT is to help a person develop what is referred to as a “clear mind.”
- Person-Centered Therapy – is a strategy that allows and encourages clients to understand and resolve their concerns in a safe, supportive environment.
- Solution Focused Therapy – is an approach interested in solutions that can be quickly implemented with a simple first step leading to further positive consequences.
Dual Diagnosis Treatment
Substance abuse and mental health disorders often co-occur. In many cases, traumatic experiences can result in a mental health disorder and substance abuse. Dual diagnosis rehabilitation treats both of these issues together. The best approach for the treatment of dual diagnosis is an integrated system. In this strategy, both the substance abuse problem and the mental disorder are treated simultaneously. Regardless of which diagnosis (mental health or substance abuse problem) came first, long-term recovery will depend largely on the treatment for both disorders done by the same team or provider.
Medication-Assisted Treatments (MAT) for substance use disorders and mental health disorders are commonly used in conjunction with one another. This includes the use of medications and other medical procedures. During your rehab, the staff from your treatment facility will help you identify what caused your addiction and teach you skills that will help you change your behavior patterns and challenge the negative thoughts that led to your addiction. Sometimes, the pressures and problems in your life lead you to rely on substances to help you forget about them momentarily.
Overcoming an addiction to Diet Pills starts with identifying the underlying reason for abusing them. If you or a loved one are struggling with long-term diet pills addiction and a co-occurring mental health condition such as anxiety and depression, contact one of our helpful treatment specialists today. We Level Up can provide information on dual diagnosis and detox programs that may fit your specific needs.
 NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361044/