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What are Quaaludes? Effects, Uses & History of Drug Abuse

Quaaludes became increasingly popular as recreational drugs and club drugs in the late 1960s and 1970s. However, commercial production of Quaaludes was halted in the mid-1980s due to widespread abuse and addictiveness. Continue to read more about what are Quaaludes.

By We Level Up | Editor Yamilla Francese | Clinically Reviewed By Lauren Barry, LMFT, MCAP, QS, Director of Quality Assurance | Editorial Policy | Research Policy | Last Updated: January 26, 2023

What are Quaaludes?

Quaaludes, is a brand name for methaqualone, is a synthetic, barbiturate-like, central nervous system depressant and sleeping pills. Quaaludes became a popular nightclub drug in the U.S. from the 1960s until the 1980s.

Quaaludes populararity as a recreational drug was glorified in the late 1960s and 1970s in discos and nightclubs. Quaaludes or ludes were known as “disco biscuits” and were sold in juice bars.

Since Quaalude has a high potential for drug abuse and addiction, the DEA outlawed it in 1984. Today, Quaalude is an illegal drug that goes by many names, such as Ludes, Mandies and Quack.

Quaalude Effects

Quaalude’s methaqualone was an effective sedative with a mild euphoric effect. It was commonly prescribed as a sleeping pill in the 1970s and became increasingly popular as a recreational drug.

While Quaaludes have been used for decades, quaaludes’ effect has become stigmatized today. Many countries have restricted the use of Ludes drugs. The drug is now considered a Schedule IV controlled substance in the United States. Quaaludes or ludes have been found to be particularly dangerous when combined with alcohol, and should never be taken together.

Quaalude effects include drowsiness, and reduced heart rate and respiration. A Quaalude overdose of the drug is possible. Quaalude effects show the drug is highly addictive and can cause coma and death.

Quaalude Deaths / Quaalude Overdose

When Quaalude is taken in high doses or combined with other substances, Quaalude’s methaqualone could be dangerous and even deadly. With reports of Quaalude overdose and Quaalude deaths. Quaalude had a reputation for being highly addictive, leading to many cases of Quaalude overdose due to overuse. As a result, methaqualone was banned after reports about its potentially deadly side effects.

Despite the risks associated with methaqualone abuse and addiction, some people continue to seek out this powerful drug on the streets and online.

What Were Quaaludes Used For

What were quaaludes used for? The active ingredient, methaqualone, is an anxiolytic (lowers anxiety) and a sedative-hypnotic drug that leads to a state of drowsiness. It was found to be effective in fighting malaria and as a popular sedative in the United Kingdom.

Quaalude Lemmon 714

What are Quaaludes prescribed for? What is Quaalude Lemmon 714? Quaaludes imprinted with the number “714” on the tablet face, were initially introduced as a safe barbiturate substitute to help induce sleep but were later shown to have addiction and withdrawal symptoms similar to other prescription barbiturates.

Quaalude Lemmon 714 was discontinued in the US in 1984, due to growing concern over its potential for abuse and addiction. It is still occasionally used in other countries for medical purposes, but should only be used under careful medical supervision. As with any potentially addictive medication, quaalude Lemmon 714 should not be taken more than the recommended dosage.

What is a Quaalude Lemmon 714? Quaaludes initially underwent development as a sedative and hypnotic drug. Quaaludes Lemmon 714 are rarely encountered on the streets in the U.S. today but are occasionally confiscated coming across the border. Quaaludes effects include drowsiness, and reduced heart rate and respiration. An overdose of the Lemmon 714, can result in coma and death.

What Do Quaaludes Do?

Quaaludes are the brand name for the sedative-hypnotic drug Methaqualone, which functions in the body as a central nervous system depressant. They were first introduced in the United States by pharmaceutical companies in the 1960s and marketed as non-addictive sleeping pills. Unfortunately, it led to Quaalude’s addiction problems. Currently, Methaqualone is a DEA Schedule I controlled substance. Substances in the DEA Schedule I have no currently accepted medical use in the United States, a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a high potential for abuse. [1]

What are Quaaludes? Is Quaalude addictive? Yes. Quaalude pills and other Quaalude analogs are highly addictive. This is one of the reasons why the drug was pulled from the market.
What are Quaaludes? Is Quaalude addictive? Yes. Quaalude pills and other Quaalude analogs are highly addictive. This is one of the reasons why the drug was pulled from the market.

What is a Quaalude? It is a hypnotic sedative. Because of the addictive nature of the drug and Quaaludes effects, Quaalude became increasingly popular for recreational uses in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Unfortunately, they quickly became a heavily abused drug, causing adverse symptoms in the men and women who developed an addiction, such as severe depression and anxiety. As a result, the drug became banned in many countries and was withdrawn from many markets in the early 1983s. Although illegal, Quaalude continues to be sold on the black market. This drug comes in the form of a tablet or capsule. They are tasteless, odorless, and relatively inexpensive to obtain.

What is a Quaalude? Methaqualone, brand name Quaalude, is a central nervous system depressant that acts as a sedative and hypnotic. Hypnotics are drugs that induce sleep.

What Is A Quaalude Today

Quaaludes are no longer manufactured and are not prescribed today. They are sometimes referred to as “the blue pills” by users, since the drug was typically sold in a blue pill form.

Quaaludes, are known as methaqualone. They are synthetic opioids typically prescribed as a sedative or muscle relaxant. Currently, they are not made in the United States and the composition may vary depending on the country of manufacture, but in general, the active ingredient is methaqualone.

What are Quaaludes?  Quaaludes are a type of drug traditionally used as a sedative or muscle relaxant. They have been made illegal in most countries. Is Quaalude addictive? Yes. Quaalude pills and other Quaalude analogs are highly addictive. This is one of the reasons why the drug was pulled from the market.
What are Quaaludes? Quaaludes are a type of drug traditionally used as a sedative or muscle relaxant. They have been made illegal in most countries. Is Quaalude addictive? Yes. Quaalude pills and other Quaalude analogs are highly addictive. This is one of the reasons why the drug was pulled from the market.

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Are Quaaludes Still Made?

What is a Quaalude? Quaalude is a tradename for methaqualone. Can you still get Quaaludes? Most depressants are controlled substances that range from Schedule I to Schedule IV under the Controlled Substances Act, depending on their risk for substance abuse and whether they currently have an accepted medical use. Many depressants have FDA-approved medical benefits. Rohypnol and Quaaludes are not manufactured or legally marketed in the United States. [2] Find more about the effects and Rohypnol addiction treatment.

When it is taken recreationally, the medication is crushed and mixed with marijuana and smoked or liquefied and injected. What is a Quaalude called today? Street names for Quaalude are “Lemmons,” “714s”, “Ludes,” “quacks,” “soapers,” “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde,” and “super soaper.”

Can you overdose on Quaaludes?

It is possible to overdose on Quaaludes. Quaaludes cause physical and psychological dependence and can lead to abuse, which increases the risk of an overdose. Overdoses can lead to difficulty breathing, unconsciousness, coma, and even death. It is important to be aware of the potential risks any time you take any medications, including Quaaludes.

If users build up a tolerance to Quaaludes effects, they may end up taking up to 2000 mg a day. This dosage can easily lead to an overdose. However, doses of as little as 300 mg can cause an overdose in some users. Quaaludes of 8000 mg can be fatal depending on the user’s Quaaludes effects tolerance.

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Quaaludes Drug Facts

Generic Name: Methaqualone
Drug Class: Depressant
Common Brand Names:
 Quaalude, Sopor
Other Formal Names: Cateudil, Dormutil, Hyminal, Isonox, Melsed, Melsedin, Mequelone, Mequin, Methadorm, Mozambin, Optimil, Parest, Renoval, Somnafac, Toquilone Compositum, Triador, Tuazole.
Common or Street Names: Bandits, Beiruts, Blou Bulle, Disco Biscuits, Ewings, Flamingos, Flowers, Genuines, Lemmon 714, Lemons, Lennons, Lovers, Ludes, Mandies, Qua, Quaaludes, Quack, Quad, Randy Mandies, 714, Soaper, Sopes, Sporos, Vitamin Q, Wagon Wheels

What is a Quaaludes? Quaaludes belong to Schedule I drugs and have a high potential for abuse, have no currently accepted medical treatment use in the U.S., and lack accepted safety for use under medical supervision.

 What are Quaaludes? The illegal use of  Ludes can cause damaging effects on the abuser.
What are Quaaludes? The illegal use of Ludes can cause damaging effects on the abuser.

Depressants Drug Fact Sheet Publicly Made Available by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) for Drug Addiction Awareness

What is a Quaalude? To put it simply, a Quaalude is a central nervous system depressant drug that was first synthesized in the 1950s.

What are Quaaludes & Statistics

What is in a Quaalude? Methaqualone, the primary component of Quaaludes, is a CNS depressant that operates by boosting the activation of GABA receptors in the brain, which reacts to the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). It was also thought to be a successful medication for treating anxiety because when GABA is released, it lowers the heart rate, respiration, pulse, and blood pressure and makes the individual feel calm. Although it also causes sensations of exhilaration and well-being, its risk for addiction outweighs any advantages.


34 Million

By 1973, there were more than 34 million prescriptions written for Quaaludes in the U.S., and they were one of the most prescribed sedatives in America.

Source: NCBI

45%

Today, depressants, opioids, and antidepressants are responsible for more overdose deaths (45%) than cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and amphetamines (39%) combined.

Source: NCBI

18 Million

Around 18 million people misuse prescription drugs like central nervous system depressants.

Source: NCBI


“What are Quaaludes?” Infographic

This sedative, hypnotic drug has a standard effect on a person’s body and mind. When used in small amounts, a person will typically feel lively or relaxed. When taken in large quantities, this drug can cause a stimulating effect. As the dose increases, feelings become more intense and can cause dangerous physical Quaaludes effects on the body.

As with any drug, if you take Quaaludes on a regular basis, you will start to develop a tolerance, meaning you will need to consume higher amounts of the drug to produce the same Quaaludes effects. Quaaludes can be addictive, and with any chemical dependency, withdrawal can lead to very serious Quaaludes effects as the body struggles to adapt.

What are Quaaludes? Is Quaalude addictive? Yes. Quaaludes (methaqualone) is a synthetic, barbiturate-like, central nervous system depressant and a popular recreational drug in the U.S.
What are Quaaludes? Is Quaalude addictive? Yes. Quaaludes (methaqualone) is a synthetic, barbiturate-like, central nervous system depressant and a popular recreational drug in the U.S.

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Quaaludes Effects, Addiction Signs & Symptoms

What is a Quaalude? Methaqualone is a quaalude a central nervous system depressant that was popularly used to treat anxiety disorders. If you or a loved one is unsure about the extent of a possible Quaalude addiction, it may be helpful to evaluate any signs or symptoms you may be experiencing. Beyond the apparent physical effects, Quaalude addiction can cause other problems. This might involve broken relationships, a lack of employment options, or financial difficulties.

Quaaludes effect, signs, and symptoms resulting from Ludes abuse:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive Sweating
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Slurred Speech
  • Sexual Dysfunction
  • Memory Loss
  • Hives
  • Weakness
  • Irregular Heartbeat
  • Motor Dysfunction
  • In Cases of Overdose, Death

If you or a loved one is experiencing any of these side effects resulting from an addiction, you must seek medical attention as soon as possible.

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What are Quaaludes Effects?

People take Quaaludes to experience deep relaxation and a feeling of euphoria, but quaaludes can also cause serious problems. A sudden drop in blood pressure, seizures, vomiting, and confusion are some of the many Quaaludes effects that can be harmful.

Being addicted to Ludes can mean that hardships will develop beyond physical complications, such as severed relationships, lost job opportunities, or complex financial situations. Are you searching for “what are Queludes?” and their effects? If untreated or unaddressed, continued drug abuse to these drugs will lead to ongoing physical, psychological, emotional, and social damage. What is a Quaalude? Methaqualone or Quaaludes (methaqualone) are synthetic, barbiturate-like, drugs that depress the central nervous system. Possible side effects from continued abuse include the following:

Physical Quaaludes Effect

Abuse can harm your body by harming normal mechanisms, organs, and systems. Physical Quaalude effects can include:

  • Cardiovascular dysfunction
  • Motor dysfunction
  • Respiratory depression
  • Photophobia – An excessive sensitivity to light
  • Paresthesias – Numbness of the fingers and toes
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Slowed speech

Psychological Quaaludes Effect

The abuse can lead to damaging psychological effects:

  • Delirium
  • Insomnia
  • Mood disorders
  • Increased Anxiety
  • Depression

Social Quaaludes Effect

An addiction can negatively interfere with your social life and activities in the following ways:

  • Decreased social interactions
  • Increased isolation and segregation from loved ones
  • Withdrawal from social activities and events

If you are ready to treat an addiction to Ludes, you must recognize the severity of the problem and the effect of Quaaludes. This is the first step to overcoming an addiction. Men and women with addictions are more likely to overdose or inflict harm to their bodies, and procuring the help of a professional treatment team will promote lasting recovery.

Quaaludes Side Effects

Common side effects of Quaaludes include:

  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Slowed breathing (respiration)
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Itching
  • Rashes
  • Sweating
  • Dry mouth
  • Tingling sensation in arms and legs
  • Seizures
  • Reduced heart rate
What are Quaaludes 714? Quaaludes tablets have the number 714 emblazoned on them. Abusing Quaaludes creates a dependence much as you would experience from barbiturates. But there's still hope. Contact an accredited rehab center that can help you treat addiction.
What are Quaaludes 714? Quaaludes tablets have the number 714 emblazoned on them. Abusing Quaaludes creates a dependence much as you would experience from barbiturates. But there’s still hope. Contact an accredited rehab center that can help you treat addiction.

What is a Quaalude Today?

What is a Quaalude? Since banning this addictive drug in the early 1980s, it has been increasingly difficult to obtain, even on the black market. As a result, many individuals who have access to Quaalude typically live in areas where the drug is commonly produced or in countries where the drug has not yet been banned. It is usually mixed with low-grade marijuana, and this combination is one of the preferred hard drugs of lower-income individuals.

Suppose a person has greater exposure to the drug because of environmental situations, peer pressure, or family members who have access to the drug. In that case, it is more likely that they might become addicted to Ludes. Initially marketed as a “non-addictive” sleeping pill, many individuals may have turned to the drug to escape physical or emotional pain. In these instances, the cause of the Quaalude addiction results from a deeper underlying issue, and seeking professional treatment will help resolve the concerns connected to the addiction.

What is a Quaalude? Quaalude (quiet interlude) is the brand name for an old drug, methaqualone. It was a sedative drug similar to barbiturates. After taking Quaaludes repeatedly, a person’s body loses its ability to make dopamine independently. Without dopamine, they could experience anxiety, depression, or a general lack of self-confidence. This is a telling symptom that drug addiction has developed. What are Quaaludes drug tests? Methaqualone (Quaaludes) can be identified in drug testing options that specifically include methaqualone as part of the panel of drugs being tested.

What are Quaaludes or Methaqualone Withdrawal Symptoms?

The long-term recreational misuse of Ludes has the potential to develop into an addiction. Withdrawals from Quaalude can occur when a man or woman ceases using the drug after continued use. A user addicted to Ludes will be subjected to withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit. The severity of symptoms experienced from Quaalude withdrawal can vary based on the dosage taken and the time it has been abused. Ludes withdrawal effects can include the following:

  • Insomnia
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Confusion
  • High Fevers
  • Hallucinations
  • Delirium
  • Fatal Seizures

When you take Methaqualone, your body processes the drug. Eventually, your body assumes the drug you need, like food or water. What is a Quaalude 714? Quaalude is one of the brand names for this drug. Its generic name is Methaqualone. It also goes by a few other brand names, including:

  • Mandrax (in the UK)
  • “Malsed”
  • “Renoval”
  • “Malsedin”
  • Cloroqualone
  • Etaqualone

Looking for a “picture of a Quaalude?” Several synthesized versions of this drug have been made over the years. Its formulation has altered somewhat, depending on the country manufacturing it. In some areas, benzodiazepines or diphenhydramine have been added to enhance its effects.

A treatment facility can be an essential part of the detoxification process for Methaqualone abuse treatment. Since withdrawal symptoms can be severe, medical detox supervision is recommended. Treatment programs for Lude’s addiction will be able to help with withdrawal symptoms as well as in overcoming the vicious cycle of abuse.

What are Quaaludes similar drugs? The drugs that primarily replaced Quaaludes as sedatives and sleep aids are benzodiazepines and Ambien. They have become the best-selling type of prescription drug in the world, despite their habit-forming, dependency, and long-term use problems of their own.

What are Quaaludes Effect?

Quaaludes are a type of depressant drug. Quaaludes effect produces feelings of relaxation and drowsiness. In high doses, Quaaludes effect can cause shallow breathing and slowed heart rate, leading to more serious health risks.

What are Quaaludes?
What are Quaaludes? Is Quaalude addictive? Yes, Quaalude pills and other Quaalude analogs are highly addictive. This is one of the reasons why the drug was pulled from the market.

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Addiction Treatment 

If you or a loved one is experiencing any of these possible Quaaludes effects, please seek help. It is essential to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Men and women who abuse Ludes may feel like they can continue living with this addiction. However, the truth is that addiction can result in physical and psychological destruction; in extreme cases, a Quaalude pills addiction can be fatal. What is a Quaalude? Prescription antidepressants containing methaqualone, (for example Quaalude sedatives), enhance the activation of GABA receptors in the brain. What is a Quaalude legality today? Quaaludes are anxiety-reducing sleep aid that is highly addictive and have been illegal since 1984.

Fortunately, help is available to those who wish to overcome this addiction and freely live their lives. The first step toward overcoming addiction is to recognize the problem at hand. Having professional assistance is essential for overcoming the vicious cycle of addiction. Identifying your need for help will open the possibility to recovery, especially when you enlist the services of a quaalude addiction treatment center.

While addiction to Quaalude pills can be overwhelming for you or your loved one, this battle does not have to be fought alone. Having the help of a professional treatment team or rehab center can provide the best care and give you the hope and resources you need to overcome this addiction. We Level Up Treatment Center provides world-class care with round-the-clock medical professionals available to help you cope. Call today to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Our Quaalude specialists know what you are going through and will answer any of your questions.

Start A New Life

If you are addicted to drugs like Quaalude pills, your first step in recovery should be a detox in a safe and medically supervised setting. What is a Quaalude? Known as methaqualone, it is a central nervous system depressant that triggers euphoria and drowsiness, but it has a high risk for addiction. That is why We Level Up is here for you.  We Level Up detox center medically assists patients in clearing their systems of addictive substances, such as alcohol and addictive substances.

We know that just stopping use can cause severe mental distress for anyone suffering from addiction. Inpatient rehab will help you manage the medical detox process.

The most effective treatments for Quaaludes addiction are behavioral therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral and contingency management interventions. For example, the Matrix Model—a 16-week comprehensive behavioral treatment approach that combines behavioral therapy, family education, individual counseling, 12-step support, drug testing, and encouragement for non-drug-related activities—effectively reduces Quaaludes misuse.

What are Quaaludes treatment options? You have a few options for Quaalude pills and drug abuse treatment facilities. Connect with us today at We Level Up to learn more!
What are Quaaludes treatment options? You have a few options for Quaalude pills and drug abuse treatment facilities. Connect with us today at We Level Up to learn more!

Medically-Assisted Detox

Medical detox is often considered the first stage of treatment. It will help you navigate the complicated process of Quaaludes withdrawal, but it doesn’t address patterns of thought and behavior contributing to drug use. Various treatment approaches and settings can help provide the ongoing support necessary to maintain long-term sobriety after you complete detox.

Cravings are very common during detox and can be challenging to overcome. This often leads to relapse. Constant medical care provided during inpatient treatment helps prevent relapse. Clinicians can give the necessary medication and medical expertise to lessen cravings and the effects of withdrawals.

Psychotherapy 

Several different modalities of psychotherapy have been used in the treatment of mental health disorders along with Quaalude pills addiction, including:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – An effective treatment that involves changing both the patterns of negative thoughts and the behavioral routines which are affecting the daily life of the depressed person for various forms of depression. Cognitive behavior therapy has been evaluated as particularly effective for treating Quaalude pills addiction and co-occurring disorders of depression and anxiety.
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy – A comprehensive mental health and substance abuse treatment program whose ultimate goal is to aid patients in their efforts to build a life worth living. The main goal of DBT is to help a person develop what is referred to as a “clear mind.” 
  • Person-Centered Therapy – A strategy that allows and encourages clients to understand and resolve their concerns in a safe, supportive environment.
  • Solution-Focused Therapy – An approach interested in solutions that can be quickly implemented with a simple first step leading to further positive consequences.

Dual Diagnosis Treatment

Drug abuse and mental health disorders often co-occur. In many cases, traumatic experiences can result in mental health disorders and substance abuse. Dual diagnosis rehabilitation treats both of these issues together. The best approach for the treatment of dual diagnosis is an integrated system. This strategy treats both the substance abuse problem and the mental disorder simultaneously. Regardless of which diagnosis (mental health or substance abuse problem) came first, long-term recovery will depend mainly on the treatment for both conditions done by the same team or provider.

We Level Up thorough approach to rehabilitation supports several levels of care to ensure the best possible outcome for every patient who enters our doors.  From an intensive and more supportive atmosphere for those in the early days of recovery to a comfortable residential-style living dynamic upon completion of detox, We Level Up is here to help guide you down the safe, medication-assisted treatment and results-based path to sobriety.

Searched for What are Quaaludes?” If you or a loved one is struggling with Quaalude pills addiction or similar drugs, call today to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Your call is private and confidential, and there is never any obligation.

Top 10 What are Quaaludes Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are Quaaludes drugs?

    It was a sedative drug similar to barbiturates and quickly became a popular recreational drug. Because of its high abuse potential, the DEA outlawed it in 1984. Today, Quaalude is an illegal drug.

  2. What are Quaaludes used for?

    It was a sedative drug similar to barbiturates and quickly became a popular recreational drug.

  3. What are Quaaludes for as depressants?

    Methaqualone, brand name Quaalude, is a central nervous system depressant that acts as a sedative and hypnotic. Hypnotics are drugs that induce sleep.

  4. What are Quaaludes effects?

    In prescribed doses, Quaaludes promote relaxation, sleepiness and sometimes a feeling of euphoria (happiness, calmness). 

  5. What are Quaaludes similar drugs?

    Quaaludes are a depressant, a class of drug that includes the likes of Xanax, Klonopin, Valium, and more.

  6. What are Quaaludes high effects?

    Tolerance quickly builds and more Quaaludes are needed to get the euphoric effects. This leads to an increased risk of overdose. Abruptly discontinuing use leads to withdrawal symptoms.

  7. What are Quaaludes today?

    Today, Quaalude is an illegal drug that goes by many names, such as Mandies and Quack.

  8. What are Quaaludes nicknames?

    At its height during the 1970s, Quaalude could be found across the US and earned the nickname “disco biscuits”.

  9. What are Quaaludes and barbiturates?

    Methaqualone or Quaaludes (methaqualone) are synthetic, barbiturate-like, drugs that depress the central nervous system. Barbiturates are a group of sedative-hypnotic medications used for the treatment of seizure disorder, neonatal withdrawal, insomnia, preoperative anxiety, and induction of coma for increased intracranial pressure. They are also useful for inducing anesthesia.

  10. What are Quaaludes made of?

    The active ingredient, methaqualone, is an anxiolytic (lowers anxiety) and a sedative-hypnotic drug that leads to a state of drowsiness.

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Sources

[1] NCBI – https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Methaqualone
PBS News Hour. Quaaludes Effects, What are Quaaludes, and how do they work? Accessed January 22, 2019, at https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/what-are-quaaludes

[2] Drugs of Abuse – https://www.dea.gov/sites/default/files/drug_of_abuse.pdfDrug Enforcement Administration In relation to the topic: Quaaludes Effects

[3] Ewart RB, Priest RG. Quaaludes Effects, Methaqualone addiction and delirium tremens. Br Med J. 1967 Jul 8;3(5557):92-3. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.3.5557.92. PMID: 6028264; PMCID: PMC1842386.

[4] Hammer H, Bader BM, Ehnert C, Bundgaard C, Bunch L, Hoestgaard-Jensen K, Schroeder OH, Bastlund JF, Gramowski-Voß A, Jensen AA. Quaaludes Effects, A Multifaceted GABAA Receptor Modulator: Functional Properties and Mechanism of Action of the Sedative-Hypnotic and Recreational Drug Methaqualone (Quaalude). Mol Pharmacol. 2015 Aug;88(2):401-20. DOI: 10.1124/mol.115.099291. Epub 2015 Jun 8. PMID: 26056160; PMCID: PMC4518083.

[5] CFR – Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 – (FDA) Food & Drug Administration In relation to the topic: Quaaludes Effects

[6] Analysis of Illicit Methaqualone Containing Preparations by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Forensic Purposes – U.S. Department of Justice

[7] 21 CFR 862.3630 – Methaqualone test system. – Quaaludes Effects, Content Details – U.S. GovInfo.com

[8] Justinova Z, Panlilio LV, Goldberg SR. Drug addiction. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2009;1:309-46. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-88955-7_13. PMID: 21104390; PMCID: PMC3039293.

[9] Jahan AR, Burgess DM. Substance Use Disorder. [Updated 2022 May 5]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK570642/ In relation to the topic: What is a Quaalude?

[10] McLellan AT. Substance Misuse and Substance Use Disorders: Why do they Matter in Healthcare? Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2017;128:112-130. PMID: 28790493; PMCID: PMC5525418. In relation to the topic: What is a Quaalude?

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