Morphine Addiction Awareness, Signs, Side Effects, Addiction Effects, Withdrawal & Treatment
Morphine addiction can be challenging to overcome, but it is far from impossible. Basically, this drug is an opiate used to relieve severe pain. Named after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams, morphine provides a feeling of euphoria oft described as a dreamlike state. You can take the drug in the form of a tablet, syrup, or injection. In some cases, morphine can even be smoked.
Morphine has the potential to be highly addictive as tolerance to it develops rapidly. A federally designated Schedule II drug, morphine, treats moderate, severe, and chronic pain. It is also used for pain relief after major surgeries, treatment for cancer-related pain, and shortness of breath at the end of a patient’s life. However, morphine also runs a high potential of abuse because of its pleasurable effects and relative accessibility.
In recent years, morphine pills have added abuse-deterrent coding so that they cannot be crushed, snorted, or injected. While this has reduced the addictive potential of prescribed morphine, it has not eliminated its risk. Above all, it has not impacted illicitly manufactured morphine.
Typical street or slang names for morphine are monkey, roxanol, and white stuff. Morphine is a naturally occurring substance extracted from either the opium poppy plant or concentrated poppy straw. Basically, its chemical makeup is similar to heroin drugs because they are both extracted from the same plant.
Signs Of Morphine Addiction
It may be hard to detect morphine abuse, mainly because the person who may be abusing it has a prescription. However, using morphine in ways other than directed is classified as abuse and could lead to addiction. So, if you are concerned that someone close to you has a problem with morphine abuse, here are some signs to look for:
- Neglecting Daily Responsibilities
- Legal Issues
- Doctor Shopping
- Isolation from loved ones
- Mood Swings
- Dilated Pupils
- Nodding Off
- Slurred Speech
- Shallow Breathing
The Dangers Of Morphine
Morphine can be taken orally, transdermal, intravenously, or nasally. In particular, snorting, or injecting morphine induces a rush of euphoria followed by alternating states of wakefulness and drowsiness. Consequently, morphine tolerance develops quickly, requiring the user to take larger doses to feel the same effects. Unfortunately, people with tolerance to morphine usually experience symptoms of withdrawal when they attempt to quit or cut back. And these withdrawal symptoms can make it hard for users to stop taking morphine, eventually, leading to addiction. In fact, people may become addicted to morphine even when taking it under medical supervision.
Immediate Side Effects Of Morphine
Short-term side effects of morphine will vary based on how the drug was administered and how much was taken. Given that, depending on the method of administration, most of the impact of morphine starts to take place within 15-60 minutes and may last for 4-6 hours.
Some Possible Immediate Side Effects of Morphine Use include:
- Decreased sexual drive/performance
- Dry mouth
- Mood changes
- Chest pain
- Rapid heartbeats
- False sense of well-being
- The relaxed and calm feeling
- Slowed breathing
- Inability to concentrate
- Itchy Skin
- Severe respiratory depression
As a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, morphine slows down activity in the brain and nervous system, resulting in slowed breathing and extreme drowsiness. Because the effects of sedation can be so intense at high doses, a person may become unconscious.
Long-Term Side Effects Of Morphine
Prolonged morphine use can lead to many adverse side effects, not least of which is addiction. Moreover, other damaging effects include damage to veins at the injection site and substance-induced mood disorders like depression.
Long-Term Side Effects of Morphine Use include:
- Severe constipation
- Collapsed veins
- Suppressed immune system
Morphine Addiction Effects
As a narcotic drug, morphine is often abused because of its pleasurable effects. As a result, those suffering from chronic pain have the potential to misuse their medication, which increases their likelihood of developing a substance use disorder.
Common Effects of Morphine include:
- Pain Relief
- Sleepiness or Unusual Drowsiness
- Calm Feeling
- Reduced Anxiety
- A false or Unique sense of well-being
Any time someone uses morphine without a prescription, it is considered abuse. Because although it is a legal substance as a prescription drug, it is under the strict regulation of DEA. Provided that, possession of morphine without a prescription is a criminal offense, and the degree of which varies based on location and amount of the drug in possession.
Generally, those who abuse morphine in high doses put themselves at risk of overdosing because morphine depresses the central nervous system. Furthermore, overdosing on morphine can lead to unconsciousness, coma, or slowed breathing to the point of death.
Common Signs Of Overdose
- Slurred Speech
- Extreme drowsiness
- Elevated Blood Pressure
- Increased Thirst
- Lower Back
- Side Pain
- Decreased Responsiveness
- Excessive Sleepiness
- Swelling of the face and extremities
- Inability to move
- Slowed Breathing
- Muscle Cramps
Morphine addiction develops for several reasons, especially when someone consistently abuses this powerful drug. An addiction typically begins with a tolerance — needing larger doses of morphine to feel its effects. In many cases, the psychological dependence on morphine develops soon after the physical one.
According to research, sudden withdrawal from morphine can be extremely uncomfortable and unpleasant; therefore, a medically managed detoxification is the best way to rid the body of the substance.
Morphine And Other Drugs
Combining it with other CNS depressants is dangerous because morphine is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant. For example, alcohol and benzodiazepines are two commonly abused CNS depressants that can result in extreme sedation, respiratory failure, or even coma when used with morphine.
Intervention For A Morphine Problem
Many people who are addicted to morphine fail to realize they are in trouble. It often takes a friend or family member to bring it up and suggest treatment. Addiction is a sensitive topic because talking about it cannot be easy. But, they may be more willing to accept treatment after seeing how many people show their support and concern.
Morphine Withdrawal And Treatment
Morphine withdrawal symptoms start to take place as soon as 6-12 hours after the last dose. Clients build a tolerance reasonably quickly, so withdrawal can set in even if someone hasn’t been using the drug for very long. Morphine addiction is a severe and debilitating problem, but recovery is possible. Provided that, a medically-assisted detox can manage the withdrawal symptoms of morphine with minimal discomfort through the process — a process that also reduces the risk of relapse. Though not as potent as heroin, the effects of morphine are just as concerning. In fact, many treatment facilities nationwide have had plenty of success in helping morphine addicts come clean.
Inpatient Rehabilitation For Morphine Addiction
To date, the most effective form of treatment for morphine addiction is an inpatient program, usually lasting around 90 days. One of the potential benefits of inpatient rehab is that it typically starts with a safe, medically supervised detox. In addition, inpatient programs allow a recovering addict to focus on treatment without the social and professional pressures of the world outside.
We Level Up Treatment Center provides world-class care with round-the-clock medical professionals available to help you cope. Most importantly, we work as an integrated team providing support through morphine addiction and other aspects of treatment. So, make this your opportunity to reclaim your life. Call today to speak with one of our treatment specialists.
Above all, our specialists know what you are going through and will answer any of your questions. Your call is private and confidential, and there is never any obligation.