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What is Mushroom Drug?

The mushroom drug, commonly known as “shrooms” or “magic mushrooms” are slang terms for mushrooms containing psilocin and psilocybin, psychoactive substances or drugs that cause auditory and visual hallucinations. Individuals may brew shrooms in tea or eat them to get “high”. When one eats mushrooms drug, the Psilocybin in them breaks down into the active ingredient called psilocin. Psilocin acts as a blocking agent, and in this case, it prevents the reuptake of the neurotransmitter called serotonin. It means that psilocin can bind and stimulate the receptors in the brain. As a result, this triggered the so-called “shroom trip”. How long do shrooms last? Mushrooms drug will stay in one’s system for about 15 hours on average.

There are about forty different species of psychoactive mushrooms, with most of them found in the United States, Mexico, and Central America. Although they have historically been used for spiritual rituals and medicinal purposes, they are widely abused today for their psychedelic effects alongside other hallucinogen drugs like ecstasy and LSD [1]. They are also frequently abused at music festival events. Oregon became the first state to legalize psilocybin. This allows for a two-year period to consider regulatory and prescribing requirements. Although medical bodies do not consider psilocybin addictive, users may experience disturbing hallucinations, anxiety, and panic after taking the drug.

Mushrooms Drug
Regular use can also cause an individual to become tolerant of the effects of psilocybin.

Consuming mushroom drugs can create an intense user experience with quick and long-lasting effects. Most users begin to feel the euphoric effects of mushrooms drug within 30 minutes of taking them, and the effects last for about six hours. However, some users may continue to feel the side effects for days after taking the mushrooms drug. The psychological consequences of using these drugs include hallucinations and an inability to discern reality from fantasy, psychotic-like episodes, and panic reactions also may occur, particularly if a user ingests a high dose.

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Mushroom Drug Classification

Psilocybin is a DEA Schedule I controlled substance. Substances in the DEA Schedule I have no currently accepted medical use in the United States, a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a high potential for abuse [2]. Psilocybin’s effects are similar to other hallucinogens, such as mescaline and peyote. Abuse of psilocybin mushrooms could also lead to poisoning if one of the many varieties of poisonous mushrooms is incorrectly identified as a psilocybin mushroom.

Psilocybin is a tryptamine alkaloid, isolated from various genera of fungi including the genus Psilocybe, with hallucinogenic, anxiolytic, and psychoactive activities. Psilocybin is rapidly dephosphorylated into the active compound psilocin, which activates serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptors in the central nervous system (CNS), mimicking the effects of serotonin [3].

Although psilocybin, the substance that causes hallucinations in mushrooms drug, is relatively less harmful than other drugs and not prone to compulsive abuse, the researchers don’t recommend releasing psilocybin into patients’ hands even with a prescription. They believe that the conditions should be tightly controlled and that when taken for a clinical reason, it should be administered in a health care setting monitored by a person trained for that situation.

Mushrooms Drug
A “bad trip” can include feelings of despair, confusion, paranoia, anxiety, and panic. These feelings can persist for hours to days.

In an evaluation of the safety and abuse research on the drug in hallucinogenic mushrooms, Johns Hopkins researchers suggest that if it clears phase III clinical trials, psilocybin should be re-categorized from a schedule I drug—one with no known medical potential—to a schedule IV drug such as prescription sleep aids, but with tighter control. 

In an election on November 3, 2020, voters in Oregon approved several historic ballot measures, including Measure 109. This measure introduced Oregon’s legalization of psilocybin, a psychoactive substance that can cause hallucinations. Voters approved this measure by 56.12%, with 1,832,513 votes in total. This is not to say that mushrooms are entirely safe. As a mind-altering substance, they can put the user at risk if not used properly.

As such, an illegal black market does more to promote harm than good. Oregon’s new psilocybin therapy program means that users can be given mushrooms under the supervision of a doctor. Since studies like this one from John Hopkins University suggest that psilocybin could help those suffering from anxiety and depression, this seems like a very positive step forward.

Mushroom Drug Slang 

There are over 200 species of mushroom that contain psychedelic chemicals including 180 that specifically have psilocybin or psilocin—each one has its own unique Latin name. Mycologists (a scientist who works on studying different types of fungi ) use Latin to name different mushrooms and categorize them. For example, the scientific name for the most common mushroom drug is Psilocybe cubensis. This particular mushroom belongs to the genus Psilocybe, the genus which includes the greatest amount of psychedelic mushrooms. The term “cubensis” indicates the exact species; there are at least 245 distinct species in the psilocybe genus, and not all of them contain the psychedelic compound, psilocybin.   

Yet, no matter the species, all psychedelic mushrooms are lumped together under the umbrella of “Magic Mushrooms” in Western popular culture. But, that’s certainly not the only slang term for these psychedelic fungi. Other slang for mushrooms include: 

  • Amani
  • Liberties
  • Liberty Caps
  • Magics
  • Philosopher’s Stones
  • Shrooms 
  • Mushies 
  • Caps 
  • Boomers
  • Pizza toppings
  • Agaric

And of course, different mushroom drug species have their own nicknames as well—Golden Caps, Blue Meanies, Penis Envy, to name a few. Shroom slang follows similar patterns to other words that have popped up around other psychedelics, like LSD and DMT. Yet, while the terms might be similar, the actual experiences of those labels can vary widely between drugs. When it comes to mushrooms drug, here are a few words worth knowing:

Tripping 

Tripping is a catch-all term for the feelings, experiences, visuals, or hallucinations that occur after taking a psychedelic drug like LSD or mushrooms. It has been called a ‘trip’ since the late 1920s and really came into popularity around the psychedelic explosion in the 1960s. 

It is called a trip because users feel like the drugs transport them to a different place, plane, state, or setting in their mind; like going on a long journey and returning to reality when the drug wears off.

Flipping

Flipping is a slang term used for mixing a psychedelic with MDMA. The term is not usually used on its own but in conjunction with other slang terms to identify the psychedelic. Hippie Flipping is using psilocybin mushrooms with MDMA, Candyflipping is mixing LSD with MDMA, and Kitty Flipping is mixing MDMA with Ketamine—all risky endeavors. The more substances added to a psychedelic cocktail, the greater the risk of unwanted drug interactions, which can be fatal in some circumstances.

Bad Trip

Not all journeys follow a smooth road. Like all psychedelics, psilocybin can sometimes precipitate a bad trip, a frightening and uncomfortable experience triggered by the drug. Consumers may feel intense anxiety during a bad trip. They may also experience feelings of fear, panic, and disorientation. 

Visuals

 Visuals are the reality distortions and hallucinations experienced through your visual—and cognitive—senses after a psychedelic dosage. These can include subtle changes like the swaying of stationary trees and vibrating saturated colors. They can even include the shapes and patterns seen even when your eyes are closed. They are usually more subtle than the visual hallucinations of other psychedelics like LSD at similar dosages.

Ego Death

Ego Death is the complete loss of subjective self-identity. It is a dissolution of a person’s sense of self; body and mind. This unique experience is related to the “mystical-type” experiences that psilocybin mushrooms can occasion. Yet, a person usually has to take a very large dose of mushrooms drug to achieve this effect. Not all ego death is positive, however. Negative ego dissolution occurs when anxiety, loss of control, and other difficult emotions accompany a loss of identity.

Shroom Stomach

A shroom stomach is a specific, non-psychological, symptom of consuming mushrooms. Nausea, cramps, other stomach pains, and sometimes vomiting are among the most common side effects of magic mushrooms. Many people experience a shroom stomach within 20 to 40 minutes after eating magic mushrooms, as the fungi make their way through the intestinal tract.

How Do People Take It? 

Psilocybin mushrooms’ drugs are ingested orally. They may also be brewed as tea or added to other foods to mask their bitter flavor. Magic mushrooms should be consumed with caution because the positive or negative effect on the user can be profound (and uncontrolled) and long-lasting, People tripping on psilocybin can experience paranoia or a complete loss of subjective self-identity, known as ego dissolution [4]. 

How It Looks, Tastes and Smells

Many poisonous mushrooms look very similar to ‘magic mushrooms’ and it’s easy for pickers to mistake them. People have fallen severely sick or even died from eating a poisonous mushroom. Mushrooms with drug-containing psilocybin are available dried or fresh and have long, slender stems topped by caps with dark gills on the underside. Fresh mushrooms drug has white or whitish-gray stems; the caps are dark brown around the edges and light brown or white in the center. Dried mushrooms drug are typically rusty brown with isolated areas of off-white.

Mushrooms’ drugs can taste very different depending on the species and other variables. Furthermore, what they taste like to one person can often be different than how someone else perceives their taste. Some report that mushrooms drug have a characteristic woody, earthy, or musty (damp) flavor that is often present but may occasionally be complemented by coconut, almond, vanilla, and violet notes; others find them almost tasteless.

Mushrooms Drug
For someone going through a personal crisis or using mushrooms in an unsafe environment, the chances of a “bad trip” increase.

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Mushrooms Drugs Effects 

Drugs can affect each person differently. The effects will depend on personal factors such as your physical and mental health and the dose and potency of a substance. With mushrooms, your current mood, mental health, and conditions will impact the effects.

  • The effects and duration of impact will also depend on the strength of the mushroom, which can be challenging to predict
  • Effects can cause anxiety, a sense of unreality, or depersonalization
  • The effects of magic mushrooms, and other psychedelics, can also be known as a ‘trip.’
  • Your experience with shrooms depends on how you feel when you take them, so it may be a ‘good trip’ or a ‘bad trip’, which could cause panic reactions and psychosis-like states.
  • Effects differ and begin around 60 minutes or longer after taking them and can last for several hours. This will depend on personal circumstances and the type of mushroom, and how it’s taken.
  • They can cause an alteration in perceptions, distort color, sound, and objects
  • Some people may feel stomach aches and nausea
  • Some people may feel euphoria, giddiness, uncontrollable laughter, energy, joy
  • Shrooms can speed up and slow down time and movement
  • Some people can feel carefree, stimulated, or imaginative
  • Sweating and high body temperature, often accompanied by chills and shivering
  • Impaired judgment may lead to risk-taking behavior, traumatic injuries

When used in very high dosages, magic mushrooms may also cause:

  • Depression
  • Panic
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD)
  • Flashbacks
  • Overdose
mushrooms drug
Psychoactive or “magic” mushrooms cause hallucinogenic effects because they contain a compound called psilocybin.

Mushroom Drug Effects on Brain 

The immediate effects of magic mushrooms come from the body breaking down psilocybin into psilocin. Psilocin acts in the brain similarly to other hallucinogens such as lysergic acid diethylamide, also known as LSD. Very high doses can make one have “a bad trip“. In such instances, affected users will experience harrowing negative emotions coupled with vivid hallucinations during this trip. Panic attacks and anxiety are common with users experiencing a bad shroom trip. During such a state, an intoxicated person can be a hazard to own health, others, and even property.

Mental Health Risks of Mushrooms Drug 

The mental health effects of mushrooms drug may include:

  • Auditory hallucinations (during the ‘trip’ they perceive sound where there is none)
  • Altered mood
  • Confusion (they believe they can see music or hear colors)
  • Anxiety
  • Dyschronometria (inability to tell what amount of time has passed between the start and end of the trip)
  • Poor coordination
  • Lightheadedness
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Panic attacks and paranoia

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Physical Health Risks of Mushrooms Drug 

Because hallucinogenic mushrooms grow naturally and have been used for thousands of years by indigenous cultures for religious rituals or vision quests, they are often considered to be “safer” and easier on the body than synthetic psychedelic drugs like LSD. But in fact, mushrooms can have adverse effects on the body as well as the mind. The negative side effects of mushroom use include:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Numbness
  • Dizziness
  • Accidental poisoning

Overdosing on mushrooms can cause serious or life-threatening reactions. Users who try to harvest their own mushrooms in the wild are at risk of accidental poisoning from toxic species. Taking mushrooms can increase the risk of injury by causing drowsiness, confusion, impaired judgment, and loss of motor coordination. Hallucinogenic drug abuse increases the risk of assault, motor vehicle accidents, drowning, and unprotected sex.

Mushrooms drugs are not generally considered to be addictive. Most users do not experience the hallmark signs of drug dependence, such as repeated relapse or compulsive use. However, frequent users may become tolerant to the effects of psilocybin and may start to seek higher doses in order to achieve the same mind-altering or euphoric sensations.

Side Effects of Mushrooms Drug 

If a person is abusing magic mushrooms, they will likely experience some side effects. The side effects of magic mushroom abuse often include:

  • Enhanced senses
  • Feelings of floating
  • Euphoria
  • Visual and auditory hallucinations
  • Reduced inhibitions
  • Altered perceptions of time and reality
  • Feeling mentally “enlightened”
  • Distorted sights, sounds, or images
  • Mood swings

Many individuals abuse magic mushrooms for euphoric feelings, trippy hallucinations, and enhanced perceptions, but there are also many negative side effects of magic mushroom abuse [3]. These may include:

  • Insomnia
  • Excessive sweating
  • Weakness
  • Lack of coordination
  • Muscle spasms
  • Numbness
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Increased heart rate
  • Psychosis
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Anxiety
  • Chills
  • Paranoia

Are Mushrooms Addictive?

There is no clear answer as to whether a mushroom drug is addictive or not because there’s no research that shows the mushroom drug is physically addictive, like heroin or some other illicit drugs. Although there has been some debate over this issue. After using psilocybin mushrooms consistently for a few days, some users may not feel addicted while others may begin to crave more of it. Psilocybin mushrooms are often mixed with other hallucinogens like LSD. For this reason, users are more likely to develop a psychological dependence on mushrooms drug rather than a physical dependence.

The severity of psychological dependence usually depends on the frequency of use and amount of mushrooms someone consumed. Someone abusing mushrooms drug can become dependent by believing that they need the drug to maintain a sense of enlightenment or happiness. Psilocybin mushrooms may cause psychological addiction. Some users may also experience a period of psychological withdrawal after using mushrooms drug, during which they may have trouble determining what is real and what is not.

Addicted to Mushrooms

Mushroom drugs can be habit-forming, and if someone uses them often, they can develop a tolerance. This means that they will have to take increasingly larger amounts of the drug to get the same effect. Cross-tolerance with other hallucinogens such as LSD and mescaline can also happen. If a person develops a strong tolerance for psilocybin and these other hallucinogens by taking them regularly, they will reach a point where the drugs no longer cause a hallucinogenic effect unless they stop taking them for a while.

While physical addiction doesn’t occur with mushrooms, it’s possible to develop psychological withdrawal symptoms if a person stops taking the drug. To stop abusing mushrooms, a person who has developed a psychological addiction to them may benefit from stress management techniques. Talking with a counselor who specializes in addiction therapy may also help. Contact a reputable addiction treatment center for further guidance or recommendations.

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Dual Diagnosis Treatment 

There is a strong link between mental health and mushrooms drug abuse. Individuals who struggle with mood disorders like depression and anxiety are more susceptible to developing an addiction to drugs or alcohol, often to self-medicate symptoms of their underlying mental health condition. These co-occurring disorders can make each other worse without proper treatment.

To determine the most effective ways to treat mushrooms’ drug abuse, it’s crucial to first get an accurate assessment of all the symptoms. When the symptoms have been evaluated by a mental health professional, it may be determined that another form of mental condition is present and needs a particular type of treatment. Very often, some combination of psychotherapy, medication, and/or lifestyle changes are effective for coping with functional.

mushrooms drug
Taking mushrooms can result in a range of effects.

Medically-Assisted Detox

Detox is often considered the first stage of treatment. It will help you navigate the complicated process of withdrawal, but it doesn’t address patterns of thought and behavior that contribute to drug abuse. Various treatment approaches and settings can help provide the ongoing support necessary to maintain long-term sobriety after you complete detox.

Cravings are very common during detox and can be challenging to overcome. This often leads to relapse. Constant medical care provided during inpatient treatment helps prevent relapse. Clinicians can provide necessary medication and medical expertise to lessen cravings and the effects of withdrawals.

Psychotherapy for Depression and Anxiety

Several different modalities of psychotherapy have been used in the treatment of depression including:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – is an effective treatment that involves making changes in both the patterns of negative thoughts and the behavioral routines which are affecting the daily life of the depressed person for various forms of depression.
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy – is a comprehensive mental health and substance abuse treatment program whose ultimate goal is to aid patients in their efforts to build a life worth living. The main goal of DBT is to help a person develop what is referred to as a “clear mind.” 
  • Person-Centered Therapy – is a strategy that allows and encourages clients to understand and resolve their concerns in a safe, supportive environment.
  • Solution Focused Therapy – is an approach interested in solutions that can be quickly implemented with a simple first step leading to further positive consequences.

Dual Diagnosis Treatment

Substance abuse and mental health disorders often co-occur. In many cases, traumatic experiences can result in a mental health disorder and substance abuse. Dual diagnosis rehabilitation treats both of these issues together. The best approach for the treatment of dual diagnosis is an integrated system. In this strategy, both the substance abuse problem and the mental disorder are treated simultaneously. Regardless of which diagnosis (mental health or substance abuse problem) came first, long-term recovery will depend largely on the treatment for both disorders done by the same team or provider.

Medication-Assisted Treatments

Medication-Assisted Treatments (MAT) for substance use disorders and mental health disorders are commonly used in conjunction with one another. This includes the use of medications and other medical procedures. During your rehab, the staff from your treatment facility will help you identify what caused your addiction and teach you skills that will help you change your behavior patterns and challenge the negative thoughts that led to your addiction. Sometimes, the pressures and problems in your life lead you to rely on substances to help you forget about them momentarily.

The development of tolerance and withdrawal are indications of addiction. If you or a loved one are struggling with long-term mushrooms drug abuse and a co-occurring mental health condition such as anxiety and depression, contact one of our helpful treatment specialists today. We Level Up can provide information on dual diagnosis and detox programs that may fit your specific needs.

Mushrooms Drug
Recovering from mushroom drug addiction may be challenging but we’re here to help and want to see you get back to living a happier and healthier life of sobriety.

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Sources:

[1] NIDA – https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/hallucinogens

[2] DEA – https://www.dea.gov/sites/default/files/2020-06/Psilocybin-2020.pdf

[3] NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6007659/

[4] SAMHSA – https://ncsacw.samhsa.gov/files/TrainingPackage/MOD2/PhysicalandPsychEffectsSubstanceUse.pdf

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